Http相关辅助类 HttpUtils

2017-04-26     浏览次数:

Http请求的工具类
public class HttpUtils  
{  
   
    private static final int TIMEOUT_IN_MILLIONS = 5000;  
   
    public interface CallBack  
    {  
        void onRequestComplete(String result);  
    }  
   
   
    /**
     * 异步的Get请求
     *  
     * @param urlStr
     * @param callBack
     */
    public static void doGetAsyn(final String urlStr, final CallBack callBack)  
    {  
        new Thread()  
        {  
            public void run()  
            {  
                try
                {  
                    String result = doGet(urlStr);  
                    if (callBack != null)  
                    {  
                        callBack.onRequestComplete(result);  
                    }  
                } catch (Exception e)  
                {  
                    e.printStackTrace();  
                }  
   
            };  
        }.start();  
    }  
   
    /**
     * 异步的Post请求
     * @param urlStr
     * @param params
     * @param callBack
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void doPostAsyn(final String urlStr, final String params,  
            final CallBack callBack) throws Exception  
    {  
        new Thread()  
        {  
            public void run()  
            {  
                try
                {  
                    String result = doPost(urlStr, params);  
                    if (callBack != null)  
                    {  
                        callBack.onRequestComplete(result);  
                    }  
                } catch (Exception e)  
                {  
                    e.printStackTrace();  
                }  
   
            };  
        }.start();  
   
    }  
   
    /**
     * Get请求,获得返回数据
     *  
     * @param urlStr
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String doGet(String urlStr)   
    {  
        URL url = null;  
        HttpURLConnection conn = null;  
        InputStream is = null;  
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;  
        try
        {  
            url = new URL(urlStr);  
            conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();  
            conn.setReadTimeout(TIMEOUT_IN_MILLIONS);  
            conn.setConnectTimeout(TIMEOUT_IN_MILLIONS);  
            conn.setRequestMethod("GET");  
            conn.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*");  
            conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");  
            if (conn.getResponseCode() == 200)  
            {  
                is = conn.getInputStream();  
                baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();  
                int len = -1;  
                byte[] buf = new byte[128];  
   
                while ((len = is.read(buf)) != -1)  
                {  
                    baos.write(buf, 0, len);  
                }  
                baos.flush();  
                return baos.toString();  
            } else
            {  
                throw new RuntimeException(" responseCode is not 200 ... ");  
            }  
   
        } catch (Exception e)  
        {  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        } finally
        {  
            try
            {  
                if (is != null)  
                    is.close();  
            } catch (IOException e)  
            {  
            }  
            try
            {  
                if (baos != null)  
                    baos.close();  
            } catch (IOException e)  
            {  
            }  
            conn.disconnect();  
        }  
           
        return null ;  
   
    }  
   
    /**  
     * 向指定 URL 发送POST方法的请求  
     *   
     * @param url  
     *            发送请求的 URL  
     * @param param  
     *            请求参数,请求参数应该是 name1=value1&name2=value2 的形式。  
     * @return 所代表远程资源的响应结果  
     * @throws Exception  
     */
    public static String doPost(String url, String param)   
    {  
        PrintWriter out = null;  
        BufferedReader in = null;  
        String result = "";  
        try
        {  
            URL realUrl = new URL(url);  
            // 打开和URL之间的连接  
            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) realUrl  
                    .openConnection();  
            // 设置通用的请求属性  
            conn.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*");  
            conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");  
            conn.setRequestMethod("POST");  
            conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type",  
                    "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");  
            conn.setRequestProperty("charset", "utf-8");  
            conn.setUseCaches(false);  
            // 发送POST请求必须设置如下两行  
            conn.setDoOutput(true);  
            conn.setDoInput(true);  
            conn.setReadTimeout(TIMEOUT_IN_MILLIONS);  
            conn.setConnectTimeout(TIMEOUT_IN_MILLIONS);  
   
            if (param != null && !param.trim().equals(""))  
            {  
                // 获取URLConnection对象对应的输出流  
                out = new PrintWriter(conn.getOutputStream());  
                // 发送请求参数  
                out.print(param);  
                // flush输出流的缓冲  
                out.flush();  
            }  
            // 定义BufferedReader输入流来读取URL的响应  
            in = new BufferedReader(  
                    new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));  
            String line;  
            while ((line = in.readLine()) != null)  
            {  
                result += line;  
            }  
        } catch (Exception e)  
        {  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        }  
        // 使用finally块来关闭输出流、输入流  
        finally
        {  
            try
            {  
                if (out != null)  
                {  
                    out.close();  
                }  
                if (in != null)  
                {  
                    in.close();  
                }  
            } catch (IOException ex)  
            {  
                ex.printStackTrace();  
            }  
        }  
        return result;  
    }  
}
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